Bærekraftskonferansen 2018 / SDG Conference 2018. Foto: Eivind Senneset, UiB
This very day. This very hour.
The citizens of Cape Town face a draught that threatens the whole city.
The last update is that the so cold “Day Zero”,
when the taps run dry,
is expected to be on the 11th of May.
How could this happen?
Was there no prior knowledge that warned of the crisis beforehand?
Of course there was. One thing is access to knowledge, how it informs decision-making and political action is something different.
The example from Cape Town is only one of many reasons
why we need to talk about the science-policy interface.
And, that is exactly what we will address in this conference
on the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals – the SDGs.
We as scientists need to get across
to politicians and other decision-makers
how important our knowledge – based on research – is for the SDGs to succeed.
The sustainable development goals are radically different
and more ambitious than the previous Millenium goals.
The responsibility is now global.
We all need to develop,
that means the perspective of developed and developing countries is challenged.
In the context of the SDGs we are all developing countries.
In April 2017 Peter Thomson,
then president of the United Nations General Assembly,
wrote a letter to all Deans, Universities presidents and leaders of higher education institutions around the world.
Thompson’s clear message was:
“Everything I have learned […] has convinced me that, taken together with the Paris Climate Agreement,
the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda provides humanity with the best chance we have to shape a sustainable way of life for our species upon this planet. […]
It goes without saying that young people are the most capable of the transformation required,
having the most to gain
or lose from the success or failure of the Agenda.
I therefore make this sincere request to you to make these Goals an integral part of research, teaching and study at your institutions.”
Why did Thomson address us?
We are primarily decision makers in two fields:
research and education.
It is our responsibility to critically approach the sustainable development goals
and to make our knowledge and research available.
Because it is decisive that we are listened to in the process of diplomacy making.
And the Universities are indeed already reacting to Agenda 2030 and the SDGs,
because we realise that knowledge shapes society.
In Bergen we work strategically with the SDGs.
Just last month we established the Centre for Sustainable Global Ocean Governance and Research.
By creating this centre,
we have created a mechanism for providing research-based knowledge supporting informed policy-making.
Such collaboration will help Norway be a key international player on the SDG14 – “Life below water”.
Through our scientific work and efforts
we progress towards conserving and sustaining the oceans, seas and marine resources.
Sustainable management is also critical to the blue exonomy and thus SDG2 – “Zero hunger”.
At the UN Ocean Conference last year,
Our university agreed to several voluntary commitments devoted to sustainable oceans.
If we are to succeed in the science-policy interface,
we need to build partnerships and cooperation globally.
Climate change is the greatest threat to human rights in the 21st century.
These are the words of Mary Robinson – former President of Ireland and United Nations High Commisioner for Human Rights – referring to SDG13.
But, it also affects a number of the other SDGs, like sustainable cities and communitites, zero hunger, good health and clean water.
The Paris agreement, COP21, represented a breakthrough for combatting climate change.
It was also a victory for high level diplomacy.
And, it demonstrated – eminently so – how science can inform and support policy-making,
International diplomacy and negotiations on topics of global importance.
In Bergen, the Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research has conducted research on the highest scientific level, internationally
AND has engaged with the intergovernemnetal Panel on Climate Change – IPCC
and – as such – has a share in the Nocel Peace prize 2007
This show the mutual dependence of scientific quality and societal relevance.
We are engaged in a wide range of research and educational activities of relevance to a number of the SDGs, such as:
Centre for women’s and gender research, – goal five, Gender Equality.
Centre for international health – goal three, Good Health and Well-being.
Centre for climate and energy transformation, CET – goal seven, Affordable and clean energy.
And most importantly, perhaps,
we study human lives, economies and societies, – Subjects subsumed in every goal.
A common grounding of all the sustainable development goals is that we – humans – are the key to succeeding.
Subjects in humanities and social sciences are common for all SDGs.
When populism, polarization and extremism become more apparent,
humanistic and social understandings are more important than ever.
We cannot hope to show the way to reaching the SDGs with
technological advances alone.
It also implies that we must think differently. Business as usual is no option.
We must be critical AND creative, we need to embrace diversity in view and ideas.
To quote artist, song writer, and ICAN activist Nosizwe Baqwa:
“To change the narrative, DARE to invite in other storytellers.”
Our students are our inspiration.
They prove that creation, refinement and dissemination of knowledge and awareness work.
Through these processes, our efforts really do make an impact.
We must work with our students so they can shape our common future into a sustainable one.
Before wells began to dry up in Cape Town, there were forewarnings.
Agenda 2030 and the SDGs are the warning of draught,
conflict and crisis on a global scale.
Knowledge is the prerequisite for tackling these challenges.
Minister, UN representatives, distinguished guests, students, colleagues and friends:
Welcome to this conference on the UNs sustainable goals.
An event we promise to make an annual arena for discussions over the SDGs and to foster the science-policy interface.
Now, it is my great pleasure to introduce the minister of research and higher education, Iselin Nybø. The floor is yours!
(The speech was held on the 8th of February)